CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 4·2018 (Russia)

MODERN PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION

FUNDAMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OBJECTS OF CHEMISTRY (P. 5-7)
BANARU A.M., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Lecturer of the Division of Physical Chemistry
GRIGORIEV A.N., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof. of the Division of Inorganic Chemistry
Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (1/3, Leninskye Hills,119991, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article describes the using of statistic analysis of a text mined from school handbooks for the search of key words and concepts corresponding to
fundamental educational objects of Chemistry.
KEYWORDS: meta-subject approach, fundamental educational object, text analysis, Zipf’s law.

SOCIAL EDUCATION AND GENERAL CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY

SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION OF YOUTH AS A VALUE REFERENCE OF MODERN SOCIETY (P. 8-11)
IGNATOVA I.B. Dr. Sci. (Ped.), Prof.
Belgorod State Institute of Arts and Culture (7, Queen St., 308024, Belgorod, Russia). Е-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
SOPUNOVA S.G. Ph. D. Student
Belgorod State National Research University (14, Studencheskaya St., 308007, Belgorod, Russia). Е-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
This article is devoted to spiritual and moral education of young people, viewed through the prism of the value orientations of modern society. The author, on the basis of statistical data, determined the dynamics of the value orientations fall in the late XX – early XXI century. In many ways, this is due to the development of the global information space, which is most often used as a means of making a profit, as well as an anonymous uncensored sphere of communication. The author on specific examples speaks about the implementation of some areas of the Belgorod strategy for the development of a solidary society. Voluntary participation of citizens in the activities of the socially significant plan demonstrates the growing interest in such activities. The author notes that the perspective of the society development requires further joint efforts of the state and public organizations in all areas of the policy of value orientation, new ideas, means and forms of educational work organization.
KEYWORDS: spiritual and moral upbringing, values, strategy, value reference, initiative, volunteerism, society.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

THE DUKE MAXIMILIAN OF LEUCHTENBERG, A PIONEER IN INDUSTRIAL GALVANOPLASTICS (P. 12-14)
DEMIDOV A.I., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof.
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (29, Politechnicheskaya St.,
195251, St. Petersburg, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The essay is devoted to the activities of Duke Maximilian of Leuchtenberg (1817–1852), son-in-law of Emperor Nicholas I, honorary member of the Imperial (St. Petersburg) Academy of Sciences, organizer of the first galvanoplastics enterprise in Russia. The company has performed a large amount of work on the production of sculptures for St. Isaac’s Cathedral in a galvanoplastics way, developed by Jacobi.
KEYWORDS: Duke, galvanoplastics, Jacobi, sculptures, Cathedral.

THE TABYN FORTRESS FORTIFICATIONS IN XVIII–XX CENTURIES ACCORDING TO HISTORICAL AND ARCHIVAL DATA (P. 15-17)
KAMALEEV E.V., Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Researcher
Institute of Ethnological Studies of R.G. Kuzeev Ufa Scientific Center RAS
(7, Aksakova St., 450077, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article considers historical data on the formation and further development of the Tabyn fortress of the XVIII–XX centuries. Since its construction the outpost has been repeatedly attacked by the Tabyn Bashkirs. In 1735 Ivan Kirillov laid the five bastions earth city with a view to the defense. The study of the defensive structures of Tabynsk is important from the point of view of revealing local features of fortress construction in the Southern Urals. The Tabyn fortifications are the largest realized project of a closed defensive outpost of the XVIII century with bastions, as well as an earthen rampart and a moat in the Bashkortostan territory.
KEYWORDS: fortress, rampart, moat, bastion, modern history, fortification.
 
OIL SHALE PROJECT OF SAMARA REGION: ACHIEVEMENTS AND MISCALCULATIONS (P. 18-24)
KURYATNIKOV V.N., Dr. Sci. (His.), Assoc. Prof., Prof. of the Department of Sociology, Political Science and History of the Fatherland
MALINOVSKAYA YU.A., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of Organic Chemistry
Samara State Technical University (244, Molodogvardeyskaya St., 443100, Samara, Russia).
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KLIMOCHKINA A.YU., Cand. Sci. (His.), Assoc. Prof., of the Department of Russian History and Law
MIREA – Russian Technological University (86, Vernadsky Av., 119571, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The paper deals with the history of the emergence, formation, extraction and processing development of oil shale in the Volga region. The oil shale is shown to have played a key role in the formation of the fuel and energy base of the Middle Volga region as one of the largest industrial areas of Russia. The government’s decisions to use the potential of oil shale were of great importance, aiming at the energy development in the region and its industrialization. Such decisions were made in crisis conditions in the absence of other sources of fuel and, as practice showed, were justified, despite the fact that in general the shale industry was unprofitable and for a long time received state subsidies. The presence of mines and a slate processing plant were also important during the Great Patriotic War. In fact, the development of industry on the territory of the Middle Volga region is connected with the expansion of the shale business.
KEYWORDS: the history of mining and processing of oil shale, the historical role of the oil shale of the Volga region, oil shale, the Kashpir deposit.
 
GENERAL METHODS FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF CYCLIC ACETALS (P. 25-27)
MAMLIEVA A.V., Postgraduate Student
MIKHAYLOVA N.N., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of General, Analytic and Applied Chemistry
LATYPOVA F.N., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of General, Analytic and Applied chemistry
UDALOVA E.A., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of Physical and Organic Chemistry
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
The article considers the history of the development of acetalization reaction – the interaction of glycols with corresponding aldehydes and ketones. The contribution of the researchers to the development of the acetalization reaction is revealed. The advantages of heterogeneous catalysts in acetalization are analyzed. The studies of stereochemistry with obtaining 1,3-dioxacycloalkanes, are given. The route of synthesis of silicon analogues of cyclic acetals is described.
KEYWORDS: acetalization, 1,3-dioxacycloalkanes,  α- and -oxides of olefins, silicon analogues of cyclic acetals, 1,3-benzodioxacyclanes.
 
SETTLEMENT PODIMALOVO-1 IN THE URALS: A NEW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF THE GOLDEN HORDE PERIOD IN BASHKIRIA (PRELIMINARY RESULTS) (P. 28-32)
AKHATOV A.T., Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Researcher
BAKHSHIYEV I.I., Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Leading Researcher
TUZBEKOV A.I., Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Researcher
KAMALEEV E.V., Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Junior Researcher
Institute of Ethnological Studies of R.G. Kuzeev Ufa Scientific Center RAS
(6, K. Marks St., 450077, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.,
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ABSTRACT
The investigation of the settlements of the Golden Horde period in the Bashkir Preurals is one of the topical directions in the study of the history of the region. In 2017 the scientists from IEI UFIC RAS with the participation of the scientists and students of the Bashkir State University conducted the archaeological excavation of settlement of the Golden Horde period named Podimalovo-1 which was found by G. N. Garustovich in 2010. As a result, the scientists found four farm buildings. Ceramic complex is characterized by fairly homogeneous fragments stoneware of Golden Horde period with fragments of imported pottery XIV century. Collection of individual archaeological specimens includes numerous traces of metallurgical production, metal handicrafts, bone-carrying handicrafts etc. The structures recorded at the end of excavation and the specifics of the artifacts indicate that it was a production site. The study found that this archaeological site is a single-layer stationary settlement of the Golden Horde era. On the basis of the found archaeological material, this archaeological site was dated of XIV century. The study of the village allowed to supplement the source base necessary for the reconstruction of the main stages of the ethnopolitical history of the population of the southern Urals in the Golden Horde period.
KEYWORDS: Settlement, archaeological excavation, Golden Horde, Southern Ural.

HYPERTENSION: BACKGROUND AND CURRENT ASPECTS OF THERAPEUTIC TACTICS (P. 33-39)
ZHARENIKOVA N.V., Doctor-Therapist
LOPATYNSKAYA N.V., Doctor-Neurologist
TUGOVA YU.T., Cand. Sci. (Med.), Doctor-Therapist, Head of the Medical-Diagnostic Department
FGBU Joint Hospital and Polyclinic Department of Presidential Affairs of the Russian Federation (6, Michurinsky Av., 119285, Moscow, Russia).
ABSTRACT
The article presents the data of domestic and foreign literature on the evolution of ideas about hypertension and the evolution of manifestations of the disease or its clinic. The views on the mechanisms of arterial hypertension development are described in detail. The diagnostic algorithm of arterial hypertension detection is presented. The strategy of drug treatment is given.
KEYWORDS: hypertension, historical aspects, diagnosis, treatment.
 
BAKHMUTINO CULTURE SETTLEMENTS ACCORDING TO N.A. MAZHITOV’S FIELD JOURNALS (P. 40-45)
KOLONSKIKH A.G., Junior Researcher
Institute of Ethnological Studies of R.G. Kuzeev Ufa Scientific Center RAS
(6, K. Marks St., 450077, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of the study of field journals of N.A. Mazhitov. The publication provides a summary and general description of twenty-hree documents representing field records of expeditionary archaeological work conducted from 1957 to 1968. Particular attention is paid to the descriptions of archaeological work on the settlements of Bakhmutino archaeological culture. Attraction of this type of sources allowed obtaining information about unpublished archeological monuments, as well as replenishing data on the known objects. The study allows us to emphasize the relevance of using this type of sources.
KEYWORDS: settlements, hillfort, Bakhmutino culture, field journals, N.A. Mazhitov.

FROM THE HISTORY OF LABORATORIES (P. 46-48)
BAUM E.A., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher of the Group History of Chemistry
Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (1/3, Leninskye Hills,119991, Moscow). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
In this paper it was reviewed some proposals and achievements of the conference "On the history of laboratories: theory, practice, training activities", which took place at the Chemical Faculty of Moscow State University in November 2017. Its organizers were the Moscow State University and the Russian Chemical Society named after D.I. Mendeleev.
KEYWORDS: history of science, history of laboratories, history of chemistry, conference, educational film.

THE GOLD RUBY GLASS – HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND ANALYSIS OF COMPOSITIONS (P. 49-55)
DROZDOV A.A., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof.
ANDREYEV M.N., Ph. D. Student
Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (1/3, Leninskye Hills,119991, Moscow). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The historical development of gold ruby glass from antiquity to the end of the XVIIIth century is presented. The comparative study of the gold ruby glass compositions used at various time and in different countries was carried out, including the first information on the compositions of Russian ruby glasses of the XVIIIth – first half of the XIXth centuries. The origin of the ruby glass receipt at Potemkin glass factory is discussed.
KEYWORDS: Gold ruby glass, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

ADSORBENTS KNOWN TO THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY AND THEIR INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION (P. 56-60)
PANARIN V.YU., Postgraduate Student of the Department of Physical Chemistry
BAUM E.A., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher of the Group History of Chemistry
Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (1/3, Leninskye Hills,119991, Moscow).
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ABSTRACT
The article describes the various adsorbents that have found practical application by the beginning of the 20th century. Information is given on the first research work in the field of adsorbents, on the origin of their industrial production; history of application for a variety of purposes. In particular, it is considered the pioneering works to the use of coal, sand, clay, soil, fuller’s earth, kaolin, zeolite and kieselguhr in the sugar industry, for purification of drinking water, removal of unpleasant odors, in respirators, to study cation exchange, to extract oil into factions, etc.
KEYWORDS: history of chemistry, adsorbents, adsorption.

THE LIST OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE JOURNAL «HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE» IN 2018 (P. 61-62)

 

 

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