CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 3·2018 (Russia)
SEVEN DECADES OF UFA STATE OIL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (P. 5-14)
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION OF THE XXI CENTURY: THE SUBJECT, THE RANGE OF PROBLEMS, THE IMPERATIVENESS OF A CULTURAL AND HUMANISTIC PARADIGM (P. 15-19)
ORESHNIKOV I.M., Dr. Sci. (Ph.), Prof. of the Philosophy Department
The article characterizes the philosophy of education and its subject, defines the range of problems, cognitive and practical value, as well as it reasons the necessity, imperativeness of a cultural and humanistic paradigm of education, which should form the basis of the radical reform of the education system of the XXI century.
KEYWORDS: education, training, education, philosophy of education, cultural and humanistic paradigm, personality, culture, value, humanism, humanitarian culture of an individual.
ANALYSIS OF SOME ASPECTS OF CIVIL IDENTITY (P. 20-23)
MUSLIMZADE D.M., Dr. Sci. (Ph.), Principal Scientist
Institute of Philosophy of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan (115, Huseyn Javid Av., AZ1073, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic).
The problems of socio-psychological and socio-philosophical understanding of the phenomenon of civil identity are considered. The analysis of the concepts of “civil identity” and “ethnic identity” is presented. It is concluded that in the context of globalization, openness and permeability of borders, cultural diversity, the choice of identity is associated not only with multiple options within its cultural and national traditions, but also other ones introduced from the outside.
KEYWORDS: national idea, identity, ethnic identity, national ideology, Azerbaijan.
MODERN PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION
THE VALUE OF THE UNITS OF THE “INTENSIFICATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS” IN TRAINING SPECIALISTS AT THE PRESENT STAGE (P. 24-26)
MOVSUMZADE E.M., Corresponding Member Russian Academy of education, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Adviser to the Rector
PAKHOMOV S.I., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Director of the Department of Attestation of Scientific and Scientific-Pedagogical Workers
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (51, Lyusinovskaya St., 115093, Moscow, Russia).
The article considers the questions of methodology of research planning, which helps students to understand the logic of the available information. The article presents the basics of humanization of technical education, based on the requirements of the state program of the Russian Federation “development of education for 2013–2020” sub-program 1 “development of vocational education”. The paper presents the main mathematical methods used in various courses of oil specialties. The pedagogical-psychological approach which is a component and important component of training of engineers, fundamental in the organization of division on intensification of educational process is offered.
KEYWORDS: humanitarization of technical education, humanitarian modeling of engineering training, mathematical methods, natural science, cultural and humanistic paradigm, scientific picture of the world.
MODERN APPROACHES TO ESTIMATION OF EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS OF STUDENTS (P. 27-29)
DARZHANIJA A.YU., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof., Head of the Department in Emergency Situations
MAKAROVA E.V., Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department in Emergency Situations
MERKOTUN I.N., Assistant of the Department in Emergency Situations
This article is devoted to the issue of assessing the knowledge of students. In recent years, various methods of assessing knowledge have been presented in the methodological literature, which are of undoubted interest. In addition, we offer new, for example, projects and portfolio. Particular attention is paid in the article to the unified state exam (USE) and the main state examination (MSE), disputes around which still continue. In one of the schools in Stavropol, we conducted a survey of pupils and teachers. As a result of the analysis, the expediency of applying this or that estimation method was revealed. The data obtained as a result of the research was processed and entered into the tables.
KEYWORDS: estimation, method, trainees, teachers, parents, survey, education, portfolio, project, traditional.
SOCIAL EDUCATION AND GENERAL CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY
USE OF THE POTENTIAL OF ART AND ART TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PROFESSIONAL-PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEACHER (P. 30-34)
NOZHICHKINA L.V., Researcher
The article describes the use of the potential of art in the professional and personal development of the teacher. On the basis of research and analysis of literature the author reveals the possibility of using the potential of art therapy in the process of psychological support of professional pedagogical activity.
KEYWORDS: art, art technologies, art therapy, group art therapy, professional and personal growth, emotional burnout syndrome, organizational and pedagogical culture of the teacher.
THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
WHEAT IN CENTRAL RUSSIA. SOME ASPECTS OF THE HISTORY OF ITS FORMATION
For the 70th anniversary of the discovery of chemical mutagenesis is the method by I.A. Rapoport (1946–2016)
III. Properties of winter wheat associated with high resistance to adverse environmental conditions (P. 35-44)
VOLCHENKO G.A., Seed Breeder
ZAO Voskresenskoye (Voskresensky District, 140207, Moscow Region, Russia).
VOLCHENKO S.G., Member of the Moscow Union of Writers
Moscow Writers Union (50а/5, Bol’shaya Nikitskaya St., 125009, Moscow, Russia).
DUKHANIN YU.A., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Head of Department
The Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Government of Moscow Region
(10/13, Sadovo-Triumfal’naya St., 127994, Moscow, Russia).
KUZNETSOVA N.L., Researcher
UPELNIYEK V.P., Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Director
N.V. Tsitsina Main Botanical Garden RAS (4, Botanicheskaya St., 127276, Moscow, Russia).
In this study it is shown that one of the concomitant high adaptability features [1, 2] in winter wheat are high technological, including baking (food) properties. These properties are obtained in the same way as adaptive ones, using the method of chemical mutagenesis. In combination with high adaptive properties, high baking properties contribute to the spread and cultivation of wheat (in this case, winter wheat) in Central Russia. The stability of food properties contributes to this in different conditions, fixed on a genetic basis, which is a novelty.
KEYWORDS: chemical mutagenesis, winter wheat, adaptive properties, technological properties, baking properties, gluten, food quality, feed properties, stability, quality parameters, chemo-mutant varieties and samples.
PROCUREMENT OF SUNFLOWER IN THE USSR IN THE PREWAR YEARS AND DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR OF 1941–1945 (P. 45-47)
ZHEVALOV S.A., Applicant of the Department of the Newest Domestic History
The article is devoted to the role of internal and external supplies of sunflower in the Soviet Union during the Great Patriotic war of 1941–1945, as well as in the prewar years. The basis of the article is the documents stored in the funds of the Russian state archive of Economics, the bulk of which is introduced into scientific circulation for the first time.The article provides an overview of the archival data, on the basis of which the volume of sunflower, received on compulsory deliveries, purchases and other sources of income is determined. The article focuses on allied supplies of vegetable oil under the lend-lease program. The relevance of the study is due to the ongoing discussions about the importance and significance of the contribution to the Great Victory of the lend-lease food supplies. The article presents the results of comparative analysis of internal and external revenues of vegetable oil. The author comes to the conclusion that the Red Army and the Soviet people in the war with Nazi Germany, used to a greater extent internal harvesting of sunflower.
KEYWORDS: Soviet Union, Great Patriotic war of 1941–1945; collective and state farms of the Soviet village, the supply of sunflower; lend-lease.
PEDAGOGICAL IDEAS AND INNOVATIVE EXPERIENCE OF V.A. SUKHOMLINSKY (P. 48-51)
GROKHOLSKY O.G., Corresponding Member Russian Academy of education, Dr. Sci. (Ped.), Prof.
The branch of philosophy of education and theoretical pedagogy Russian Academy of education (8, Pogodinskaya St., 119121, Moscow, Russia).
The article continues to examine the scientific and pedagogical heritage of Russian teachers. On the eve of the 100th anniversary of the birth of the teacher-master Vasily Sukhomlinsky, his pedagogical ideas are analyzed from the perspective of their actualization for the construction of modern programs of personal education. The theoretical positions and practical ideas of the teacher are highlighted in the new reading today, when the deficit of the system-built and technologically well-functioning educational system is especially acute.
KEYWORDS: historical experience, the hindsight, the scientific and pedagogical heritage, education, education, humane education, a new school, network culture, innovation training, ethics, trust, individualization, family, teacher, personality.
IMAGE OF CYBERNETICS IN MEMORY OF DOMESTIC SCIENCE (P. 52-56)
BARANETZ N.G., Dr. Sci. (Ph.), Prof. of the Philosophy Department
VEREVKIN A.B., Cand. Sci. (Ph.-m.), Associate Prof. of the Department of Applied Mathematics
Ulyanovsk State University (42, L. Tolstoy St., 432017, Ulyanovsk, Russia).
In article the problem of distortion of historical memory of scientific community, that is, – the defining disciplinarian images of the events hosted by scientists is studied. Historical memory is influenced by many factors, and including ideological and doctrinal representations of historians of science. This work is devoted to this new and hot topic of an epistemology of history of science. Ideological influence on reconstruction of history of domestic cybernetics is noticed. The expediency of application of the terms «cybernetics», «applied mathematics», «informatics» by the different periods of development of the Soviet computing science and her integration in a row of natural and humanitarian disciplines is indicated. The reliability of myths, widespread in popular scientific literature, is disassembled: about system ideological hindrances of development of the Soviet cybernetics; about futility of the cybernetic project in the USSR. The philosophical outlook of founders of the Soviet cybernetics which has affected the direction of her development is considered.
KEYWORDS: cybernetics, historical memory, national science, epistemology of the history of science.
FROM THE HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF WOMEN’S EDUCATION IN ENGLAND, THE VICTORIAN ERA IN RUSSIAN PERIODICAL PRESS (P. 57-59)
CHERNYAVSKAYA N.E., Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Assoc. Prof., Head of the Department of Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication
KIREEVA N.V., Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Prof., Assoc. Prof., prof. Department of Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication
KORENEVA E.N., Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication
The article is devoted to a certain stage of formation of women’s education in England during the Queen Victoria’s reign. The article reveals the features of the period marked by the enhanced development of the system of women’s education in England and the formation of pedagogical directions of women’s education. The article uses archival materials from the Russian periodical press.
KEYWORDS: female education, pedagogy, Victorian era, public education, English society, subject, discipline.