CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 2·2018 (Russia)

MODERN PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION

STUDENT AT EDUCATION WITHOUT BORDERS (P. 5-15)
BARANNIKOV A.V., Corresponding Member RAO, Dr. Sci. (Ped.), Prof.
Academy of public administration (8, Starovatutinsky pr., 129281, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article presents organizational educational approaches (forms, methods and types of work) on building initiative learning and autodidactic activities in a mobile teaching. It demonstrates how initiative interpersonal learning interaction between participants of educational process embody in conditions of open and mobile distributed and interorganizational teaching, when the school ceased to be the only place of education.
KEYWORDS: initiative educational interaction, open and mobile education, autodidactic teaching, distributed and interorganizational education, differently directed educational space, online and offline mobile learning environment, organizational and educational approaches and methods of training, types and techniques of learning work, autodidactic education and self-organization.

SCIENCE META-SUBJECT AT MSU (P. 16-19)
BANARU A.M., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Lecturer of the Division of Physical Chemistry
BERDONOSOV S.S., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof. of the Division of Radiochemistry
GRIGORIEV A.N., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof. of the Division of Inorganic Chemistry
Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (1/3, Leninskye Hills,119991, Moscow). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article reports on purposes and problems of the authorship interdepartmental course “Teaching Science at School” for students of MSU. One of the purposes of this course is to work out a pure meta-subject content on chemistry and adjacent sciences for high-school students. Some examples of didactic units of such content are shown.
KEYWORDS: interdepartmental course, meta-subject, FGOS.
 
APPLICATION OF THE THEORY OF GRAPHS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODELS OF THE TRAINING PROCESS (P. 20-23)
KUROCHKINA K.V., Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Higher Mathematics and Physics
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KUZNETSOVA N.A., Cand. Sci. (Ph.-M.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Higher Mathematics and Physics
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State University of Land Use Planning (15, Kazakova St., 105064, Moscow, Russia).
ABSTRACT
Based on the analysis studies on the design, optimality and efficiency of the learning process, a model of the educational process is proposed, based on the block-modular approach and the mathematical theory of graphs. It is shown that during the process design and depending on the filling of modules and their meaning, this model can be transformed and useful not only in the development and analysis of work programs, but also reflect the development of the personality, including taking into account negative factors. The boundaries of the proposed model are determined. The question of introducing qualitative and quantitative estimates of this model on the basis of graph theory for controlling bodies is considered. Advantages of the application of the block-modular approach to the creation of educational programs in conjunction with the application of the model of the proposed species are highlighted.
KEYWORDS: block-modular approach, educational program, training process graph, work program, criterion, quality of education, qualitative and quantitative evaluation.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

ORGANIZATION OF NATURAL-SCIENCE EDUCATION IN PREREVOLUTIONARY PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES FOR EXAMPLE OF THE A.L. SHANYAVSKY MOSCOW CITY PEOPLE’S UNIVERSITY (P. 24-32)
FANDO R.A., Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Deputy Director for Science
S.I. Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology RAS (IHST RAS) (14, Baltiyskaya St., Moscow, 125315, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
The article examines the experience of natural-science training in a non-state educational institution at the beginning of the 20th century, as exemplified by the A.L. Shanyavsky Moscow People’s University that had been very popular among the people. The University’s Natural History Division offered training in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and geology. Much attention was given to practical classes and experimental work involving students. As compared to its counterpart at the Imperial Moscow University, Natural History Division of the People’s University was distinguished for the variety of regular courses as well as numerous ad hoc courses.This was due to the Shanyavsky University’s faculty who developed their own original courses based not only on the scientific achievements of the time but also on training needs of the students studying at the Shanyavsky University.
KEYWORDS: A.L. Shanyavsky Moscow City People’s University, a non-state higher school, pre-revolutionary Russia, natural-science education.

GENDER ASPECTS OF HISTORY OF SCIENCE
PART 1 (P. 33-36)
BAUM E.A., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher of the Group History of Chemistry
Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University 1/3, Leninskye Hills,119991, Moscow
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ABSTRACT
The article substantiates the necessity of introducing a gender approach into modern historical - scientific research. This situation is especially acute in the domestic historical science. The creation of biographical dictionaries or encyclopedic publications on the contribution of women to the development of individual scientific disciplines will ultimately lead to the discovery of women’s role in the past of the science.. The article announces the preparation of a similar project, dedicated to the activities of women in the field of natural sciences and mathematics, entitled “Born in the Russian Empire”. In this issue we intend to publisha series of articles concerning this project. Readers are invited to look through a first one dedicated to the pioneer works of women-astronomers.
KEYWORDS: “female history”, gender, history of science, women-astronomers.

CELESTIAL MECHANICS AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOUL IN MEMORY OF VALENTINA MIKHAILOVNA LOSEVA (P. 37-38)
SEMENOVA S.L., Cand. Sci. (Ph.-m.), Leading Researcher
VINITI RAS (20, Usiyevich St., 125190, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article is dedicated to the memory of Valentina Mikhailovna Loseva, a faithful assistant and life partner of the outstanding Russian thinker A.F. Losev, who shared with him a very difficult fate, and a talented celestial mechanic, who was highly appreciated by Professor N.D. Moiseev, a wellknown mathematician, mechanic and astronomer.
KEYWORDS: history of science, history of astronomy, history of philosophy, personalities, Loseva Valentina Mikhailovna.
 
GRIGORIEVA NATALYA BORISOVNA: ASTROPHYSICIST AND OBSERVER (P. 39-40)
YAKUNINA G.V., Cand. Sci. (Ph.-m.), Researcher
Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University (13, Universitetsky pr., 119234, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article is devoted to Natalya Borisovna Grigorieva (1913–1993) – the Soviet and Russian astrophysicist and the pedagogue. Her scientific activity is connected with studying of photometry of stars, star clusters, star formation in the neighboring galaxies. As the teacher and as the scientist she perfectly felt the occurring scientific and technological revolution, actively called on the specialists and astronomers to work with students of.
KEYWORDS: history of science, history of astronomy, personalities, Grigorieva Natalya Borisovna.
 
MASSEVITCH ALLA GENRIKHOVNA: ASTROPHYSICIST AND COSMIC GEOPHYSICIST (P. 41-42)
ROZGACHEVA I. K., Cand. Sci. (Ph.-m.), , Assoc. Prof., Head of Department of Astronomy Scientific Information
VINITI RAS (20, Usiyevich St., 125190, Moscow, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
The article is devoted to Alla Genrikhovna Massevich (1918-2008) – the outstanding Soviet and Russian astrophysicist and the pedagogue. Her scientific activity is connected with studying of physics and evolution of stars, thanks to her intuition and organizing abilities the scientific use of observations of artificial Earth satellites has begun in our country.
KEYWORDS: history of science, history of astronomy, personalities, Massevich Alla Genrikhovna.

ANNA MARKOVNA LOZINSKAYA: AT THE ORIGINS OF THE DOMESTIC GRAVIMETER CREATION (P. 43-44)
LUPOVKA T.K., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Chief Specialist
VINITI RAS (20, Usiyevich St., 125190, Moscow, Russia).
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LOZINSKY D.N., Deputy General Director
Doctor Web LLC (Russia, 125040, Moscow, 3rd Yamovskogo Field Street, 2, bldg. 7). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article is dedicated to the memory of Anna Markovna Lozinskaya – an outstanding gravimetrist, who made a great contribution to the creation and implementation of Russian gravimeters and radio geodetic systems. In 1943, under her leadership, the Kotur-Tepinskaya gravimetric party discovered an anomaly of gravity at the outlet of the bedrock, which led to the discovery of the largest oil field in South-West Turkmenistan. An important contribution was made by Anna Markovna in the development of air gravimetry in the USSR. In 1972, under her leadership, the Graviton air-gravimetric complex was created.
KEYWORDS: history of science, history of astronomy, history of gravimetry, personalities, Lozinskaya Anna Markovna

NEW FORMS OF LEARNING

MATHEMATIZATION AND MODELLING – BASE OF ENGINEERING CHEMICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL SPECIALTIES (P. 45-48)
MOVSUMZADE E.M., Corresponding Member Russian Academy of education, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Adviser to the Rector.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
PAKHOMOV S.I., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Director of the Department of Attestation of Scientific and Scientific-Pedagogical Workers
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (51, Lyusinovskaya St., 115093, Moscow, Russia).
BAKHTIZIN R.N., Dr. Sci. (Ph.-m.), Prof., Rector
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
SHEMYAKOV A.O., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Head of Innovation, Strategy and Communications Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (4, Volokolamskoe Highway, 125993, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The methods of using statistical planning to determine the optimal parameters of reactions are presented. Calculations of parameters of recirculation, and also use of mathematical methods for determination of chemical, physical and thermodynamic parameters of molecules and chemical systems which cannot be received by other methods are shown. In this paper we propose a model of management of various oil and gas processes, reactions and complexes. The basic mathematical methods used in various courses of oil specialties.
KEYWORDS: humanitarization and mathematization of engineering education.

 

 

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