CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 2·2015 (Russia)

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNICS

OFFSHORE OIL PRODUCTION IN XIX - EARLY XX CENTURY (P. 3-8)
Movsumzade E.M. Dr.Sci.(Chem.), Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1, Kosmonavtov ul., Ufa, 450062, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
Seyidbeyli M.G. Dr.Sci. (History). Institute of the History of Science of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Azerbaijan (162, Narimanov prosp., Baku, 370029, Azerbaijan Republic)
Mastobaev B.N., Dr.Sci.(Tech.), Prof. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1, Kosmonavtov ul., Ufa, 450062, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
Babaev E.R., Cand.Sci.(Chem.). Institute of Chemistry of Additives of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2062, Beyukshorskoe shosse, Baku, 370029, Azerbaijan Republic)
Mamedova P.Sh., Dr.Sci.(Chem.), Professor. Institute of Chemistry of Additives of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2062, Beyukshorskoe shosse, Baku, 370029, Azerbaijan Republic), E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article provides an analysis of experience in technology, research, drilling and production of oil in the middle of the twentieth century from the depths of the sea. Less than a century it took people to master not only the coastal zone, but also to enter into deep water a considerable distance from the shore and feel confident enough there. The development of scientific and technical ideas aimed at creating a diverse and reliable hardware, to help them in the development of the seas and reinforce their confidence in the output of the open ocean. The first attempts to master the coastal zone in the XIX century were unsuccessful, the sea did not take beginners. And all the people came into the fight with the sea, began to win part of its territory. This route proved more successful, and the first oil in California and in the Caspian Sea, extracted in the sea area was decent pay people for their perseverance and persistence. She took out hard, but the oil industry has given confidence that they are on the right track.
KEYWORDS: coastal zone, offshore oil, mining, exploration, drilling, prospecting and exploration.

THE FORMATION AND THE ROLE OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE, TECHNOLOGIES AND ENGINEERING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AND OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY IN THE ORENBURG AREA (P. 9-13)
Zakharchenko M.V., Engineer. Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (65, Leninskiy prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
This article describes the pre-war, war and postwar years emergence of oil and gas industry in the Orenburg region. Large stocks and favorable geographical position, the powerful gas transmission pipe, the presence of gas in the Orenburg gas condensate field, many of the components determined the high economic efficiency of oil and gas extraction. Energy complex developed by using newest achievements in science and technology. Increase in oil production was due to application of new methods of stimulation to increase the selection of raw materials from the bowels, introduction of advanced technology, automation and mechanization of production processes. The basis for the stabilization of the oil industry is putting into perspective the development of new deposits and the expansion of the application of modern methods of enhanced oil recovery. Technical progress in the gas industry developed in the following areas: drilling, well construction cycle reduction and increasing their reliability; accelerate the development of the deposit; increasing the degree of preparation of gas for transportation; increase in productivity of gas pipeline; integrated gas processing, automation and the introduction of automation.
KEYWORDS: Orenburg, oil and gas, Bugurulansky oilfields, Orsk Refinery, the Orenburg gas chemical complex.

FORECAST OF VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN THE KAMCHATKA PENINSULA (MAIN RESULTS OF 1955-2012).
PART II. «FALSE ALARM» AND THEIR POSSIBLE CAUSES
(P. 14-19)
Ivanov V.V., The Institute of Volcanology and Seismology Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article touches upon the issue of methods of monitoring and techniques used for forecasting volcanic eruptions in the Kamchatka Peninsula, the work of expert councils. The list of approved forecasts in the past 57 years (from 1955 to 2012) is given in the first part of the article. The circumstances of the most important forecasts are particularized. Over the years, the Kamchatka Volcano Observatory, the Institute of Volcanology, Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry and the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences have given 29 approved forecasts. Among them the medium-term forecasts of paroxysmal eruptions of Bezymianny volcano and Sheveluch volcano, the outstanding short-term forecasts of the eruptions of Plosky Tolbachik volcano, Klyuchevskoy volcano, Karymsky volcano and Sheveluch volcano. The Kamchatka branch of the Geophysical Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences gave about twenty successful forecasts.
KEYWORDS: volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard, volcanic eruptions forecast, volcanic earthquake.

TEXTILE WORKSHOP DYNASTY RYABUSHINSKY (P. 20-24)
Borisov V.P., Dr.Sci.(Tech.), Vavilov Institute of History of Science and Technology Russian Academy of Sciences (1/5, Staropanskiy per., Moscow, 109012, Russian Federation)
Balychin M.G., Cand.Sci.(Econ.)Vice President. Moscow State University of Design and Technology (33, ul. Sadovnicheskaya, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation)
Movsumzade E.M. Dr.Sci.(Chem.), Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1, Kosmonavtov ul., Ufa, 450062, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation), E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The paper outlines the main stages of the origin and development of the textile production and trade in Russia in the period from 1802 to 1916. the example of the commercial and industrial affairs of the two generations of the family Ryabushinskys. The basic facts of the biography of the founder of the case Mikhail Denisov-Ryabushinsky and his sons in the context of administrative, political, economic and technological situation in Russia XIX – early XX century.
KEYWORDS: Ryabushinsky, textiles, cloth, cotton production, dynasty.

METHODOLOGY AND METHODS OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT DIDACTIC SYSTEMS (P. 25-32)
Grokholskaya Olga G., Prof., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, member-correspondent of Russian Academy of Education. University of the Russian Academy of Education (58, Bol. Polyanka ul., Moscow, Russian Federation), E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Presents didactic ideas of the past, the main types of training and the focus on the development of didactic systems built by teachers-researchers from foreign countries, since the mid-XIX to mid-XX centuries. Comparative analysis of teaching systems Herbart, Dewey, Montessori.
KEYWORDS: education system, social system, society’s needs, information space, student, teacher development, upbringing, morality, learning objectives, learning, teaching methods.

FEATURES OF TEACHING PHYSICS FOR STUDENTS OF MINING SPECIALTIES (P. 33-35)
Rychkova O.V., Docent. National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», (6, Leninsky Prospect, Moscow, 119049, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACT
The features of the teaching of physics for students of natural science disciplines, in particular, the mountain towards a meaningful application of knowledge in physics to explain the phenomena and processes of the area subject preparation.
KEYWORDS: mountain specialty, physics, teaching, dynamics, gravitational forces, mechanical, explosive affair.

HUMANITARIZATION VALUE ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN THE PERCEPTION OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS OF LIGHT INDUSTRY (P. 36-40)
Pushina L.A., Cand.Sci.(Philolog.),
Chernoglazkin S.Ju., Cand.Sci.(Ped.). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.  
Movsumzade E.M. Dr.Sci.(Chem.), Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1,. Kosmonavtov ul., Ufa, 450062, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACT
The article is devoted to the study of the perception of humanitarian values in the engineering education of students of the technical universities. The article deals with the philosophical and psychological attitudes, the general goals and objectives of the survey and analyzes the results of the survey of students of the university, which trains specialists for the enterprises of light industry.
KEYWORDS: humanitarian values, humanization of engineering education, perception, questioning, students, light industry.

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF AUDIO-VISUAL EQUIPMENT IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING WITH REGARD TO NON-LINGUISTIC PROFILE (P. 41-45)
Porechenkova Ye.A., Cand.Sci.(Ped.),
Volkova A.Yu., Lomonosov Moscow State University (1, Leninskiye gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article focuses on the peculiarities of audio-visual equipment within the scope of interdisciplinary relations which deal with forming general academic skills and communicative competence in the process of Foreign Language Teaching (FLT). This issue is rather topical in FLT in accordance with application target transformation of learning foreign languages with regard to Non-linguistic Profile and underlines the importance of audiovisual material for students in the in the modern world.
KEYWORDS: non-linguistic profile, functional strategy of practical application, communicative competence, interdisciplinary relations.

INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN SCIENCE AND EDUCATION: PART I. THE ORIGINS AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERDISCIPLINARITY (P. 46-51)
Ivanov O.P., Cand. Sci. (Geol.-Min.),
Vinnik M.A. Dr. Sci. (Ped.), Lomonosov Moscow State University (1, Leninskiye gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACT
Studied the transition from reductionist research and analysis of natural phenomena to the holistic perception of systemic effects — holism, thanks to the development of interdisciplinary approaches. Considered the way of studying the problems of non-linearity states and interactions of systems, that is the way to create the theory of dynamical systems. The history of development in the field of the mathematical theory of oscillation. The advantages of a systematic approach to solving educational problems by means of teaching and research «virtual laboratory».
KEYWORDS: analysis, reduction, holism, dissipation, disequilibrium, structures, Benard cells, education, systematic approach.

ART AND SCIENCE

SEMEN SHCHEDRIN - PROFESSOR OF LANDSCAPE CLASS ACADEMY OF ARTS (P. 52-56)
Usacheva S.V., Cand.Sci.(Art)., Russian Academy of Arts (21, Prechistenka ul., 119034, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article is devoted to pedagogical activity of S.F. Shedrin. One of the first to become a professor at Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, from 1776 to 1804 he kept this position as chief of landscape painting class. The purpose of this article is to cover his performance as both pupil and professor at the Academy, displaying his role at forming typological structure of landscape genre in Russian fine arts education. The article gives an analysis of landscape painter’s teaching method’s features, in formation of which Shedrin took part in, and also covers the fate of some of his. Conclusions are being made on the nature of compositional and image structure of nature landscape in academic art of late XVIII – early XIX century.
KEYWORDS: S.F. Shedrin, Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, landscape painting class, students.

 

 

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