CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 1·2015 (Russia)
170TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RUSSIAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY (P. 3-6)
THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNICS
XIV CENTURY AND THE EARLY CONCEPTION OF THE CONTINUUM (P. 7-12)
The article describes the scholastics discussions on the nature of continuum; the standpoints of W. Ockham, R. Suisset, T. Bradwardine, N. Orem and J. Buridanare outlined. The history of concepts used in analysis and the theory of sets of XIX century are highlighted.
KEYWORDS: history of mathematic, continuum, Ockham W., Suisset R., Bradwardine T., Orem N., Buridanare J.
FORECAST OF VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN THE KAMCHATKA PENINSULA (MAIN RESULTS OF 1955-2012). PART I (P. 13-26)
The article touches upon the issue of methods of monitoring and techniques used for forecasting volcanic eruptions in the Kamchatka Peninsula, the work of expert councils. The list of approved forecasts in the past 57 years (from 1955 to 2012) is given in the first part of the article. The circumstances of the most important forecasts are particularized. Over the years, the Kamchatka Volcano Observatory, the Institute of Volcanology, Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry and the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences have given 29 approved forecasts. Among them the medium-term forecasts of paroxysmal eruptions of Bezymianny volcano and Sheveluch volcano, the outstanding short-term forecasts of the eruptions of Plosky Tolbachik volcano, Klyuchevskoy volcano, Karymsky volcano and Sheveluch volcano. The Kamchatka branch of the Geophysical Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences gave about twenty successful forecasts.
KEYWORDS: volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard, volcanic eruptions forecast, volcanic earthquake.
THE HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF DEMULSIFIERS IN THE EXTRACTION AND TREATMENT SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING AT THE REFINERY IN GROZNY (P. 27-34)
Akhmadova Kh.Kh., Dr. Sci. (Tech). Grozny State Petroleum Institute (Clary Tsetkin ul., Grozny; 364902, Russian Federation).
This review article provides an analysis of the process of formation, development, production and use of chemical demulsifiers for desalting and dewatering of crude oil emulsions, identified and addressed key phases of industrial development of production of domestic demulsifiers.
KEYWORDS: crude oil emulsions, chemical demulsifiers, refinery, Grozny.
SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF MAJOR CRACKING INSTALLATIONS (P. 35-37)
Abubakarova Z.Sh. Cand.Sci.(Tech.). Chechen State Pedagogical Institute (100, Ordzhonikidze ul., Grozny, 364905, Russian Federation)
The article compared the performance, efficiency, energy consumption and cost of production on the first Grozny crackers of Jenkins, Vickers and Winkler-Koch.
KEYWORDS: cracking, installation, performance, cost, investment, energy consumption.
BAKU OIL — HISTORICAL EVENTS AND FACTS. LATE XIX — EARLY XX CENTURIES (P. 38-42)
Movsumzade E.M., Dr.Sci.(Chem.), Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1, Kosmonavtov ul., Ufa, 450062, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation)
Babaev E.R., Cand.Sci.(Chem.). Institute of Chemistry of Additives of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2062, Beyukshorskoe shosse, Baku, 370029, Azerbaijan Republic)
Seyidbeyli M.G., Dr.Sci. (History). Institute of the History of Science of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Azerbaijan (162, Narimanov prosp., Baku, 370029, Azerbaijan Republic)
The paper deals with historical aspects of development of hydrocarbon deposits in the territory of modern Azerbaijan, from the first mention of «white oil» and to this day. The authors present a series of articles, which reflects the events and facts of origin and formation oil and gas industry of Azerbaijan. The paper presents a work activity oilmen and their achievements both in Absheron and Caspian Sea, and the regions of Russia and other countries. The series will be presented on the basic scientific developments Baku oil workers in technology, research, drilling, production and refining of oil in 40-60 years. Twentieth century.
KEYWORDS: hydrocarbon raw materials, oil, gas, solution, extraction, processing, petrochemicals, Well oil production, percussion drilling, marine pilings, marine base.
CIVILIZATIONAL WAY RUSSIA AND DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC TEXTILE INDUSTRY. PART I (P. 43-45)
Borisov V.P., Dr.Sci.(Tech.), Vavilov Institute of History of Science and Technology Russian Academy of Sciences (1/5, Staropanskiy per., Moscow, 109012, Russian Federation)
Balychin M.G., Cand.Sci.(Econ.) Vice President. Moscow State University of Design and Technology (33, ul. Sadovnicheskaya, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation)
We consider the development of the domestic textile industry in the period XVIII – early XX centuries in close connection with the case in Russia civilization processes - and subsequent Petrine reforms in education and scientific and technological development, mechanization of manufacturing processes and the emergence of new forms of work organization, caused by the industrial revolution. It noted the dependence of the textile industry in Russia on the supply of foreign equipment and raw materials and, at the same time, the gradual release of the leading enterprises of this dependence, the emergence of higher education and highly skilled domestic specialists in this field. Named the number of Russian textile enterprises, mastered during this period the production of fabrics that are in demand on the world market, and essentially compete with recognized foreign factories and mills.
KEYWORDS: textile industry, Peter’s reforms, technological development, textile manufacture.
METHODOLOGY AND METHODS OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AS THE BASIS OF INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION (P. 46-52)
Savchuk E.I., Educational complex gymnasium no. 1551 (42, Svobody ul., Moscow, 125364 Russian Federation)
The article decribes the peculiarities of implementation of innovation processes in modern educational institutions. Presents different types of educational systems. Disclosed conditions for effective implementation of innovation processes in the practice of modern education, one of which is the creation of innovative educational environment. Shows the different forms of integration of innovative efforts to improve the innovative capacity, the involvement of teachers in the innovation management practices of educational complex gymnasium 1551. The article decribes the promising directions of development of the innovation environment as the basis of innovation processes in the activities of educational organizations.
KEYWORDS: educational environment, innovation processes in an educational institution, educational complex, information-communication technologies, information and educational environment of the gymnasium, the program of innovative development of the educational organization.
OF REGIONAL NETWORKS SYSTEM TRAINING WORKERS OF EDUCATION OF MOSCOW REGION: MONITORING STUDIES (P. 53-59)
The analysis of the monitoring research conducted by the regional network of Teacher Training, Moscow region. Monitoring the effectiveness of the regional network of training of educators of the Moscow region was intended to identify the real state of implementation of the system, determine the extent of its effectiveness, forecasting the prospects for its further development with the development of priority actions. The analysis identified the main directions in improving activities of the regional network of training employees of general education of the Moscow region.
KEYWORDS: training, employee education, monitoring, Academy of Social Management.
ETHNOPEDAGOGICS. POLY- AND MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
ETHNOPEDAGOGY OF THE NORTH AS A RESOURCE UPGRADE EDUCATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES (P. 60-65)
Malysheva E.V., Cand.Sci.(Ped.)
Ethno pedagogy of the North is seen as the resource of modernization of education of indigenous peoples. Analyzes the function and role ethno pedagogy in the development and modernization of education of indigenous peoples. We give a critical analysis of a series of educational reforms and their impact on the state of education of indigenous peoples. The role of education in shaping ethnic identity and its harmonization with the civil identity, analyzes the basic principles and potential modernization of nomadic education of the North.
KEYWORDS: pedagogy, the modernization of education, indigenous peoples of the North, inter-generational continuity, educational reforms, dynamic tradition, ethnic identity, civil identity, ethno-regional identity, nomadic school.