CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 4·2014 (Russia)
THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNICS
ABOUT THE SOCIAL HISTORY OF SCIENCE: ORGANIZATION, PLANNING AND COORDINATION OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE USSR (1976-1980). PART I (P. 3-9)
Kalugin V.V., Candidate of Biological Sciences, Docent
Tenth article V. Kalugin is the continuation of the historical and social essay about the organization, planning and coordination of research in the USSR in 1976-1980. On the basis of research and detailed analysis of various sources, the author has made specific conclusions about the significance of the most important decisions of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers adopted in the Tenth Five-Year Plan in the Soviet economic planning, including planning of science and technology. Program-target method of planning legally obtained the legal status of the state compulsory method of economic planning, including planning for science and technology. A necessary condition for accelerating scientific and technological progress is the systematic translation of research, design organizations, enterprises and other institutions of various ministries to the new system of planning, financing and economic incentives work on the new technology. In the article, there are three informative tables: the number of scientists of the USSR; number of scientific institutions; number of scientific workers of the USSR in various branches of science.
KEYWORDS: Tenth Five-Year Plan of the USSR, social history of science, scientific and technical complex, method of planning, national economy of the USSR, planning of science and technology, academia, scientists, industry, science.
ISTORICAL ASPECTS SINGLE-STAGE PRODUCTION DIVINYL FROM ETHANOL (REVIEW) (P. 10-15)
TretyakovV.F. , Dr. Chem. Science, Professor, Chief Researcher, A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, RAS (29, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation).
An analytical review of the development-stage catalytic conversion of ethanol with divinyl positions kinetics and mechanism of the process. Analyzed the influence of the specific surface area on the performance divinyl and coking of the catalyst. Identified two alternative catalyst compositions for the industrial implementation of the process of obtaining butadiene from ethanol. Ways of intensification of single-stage production of butadiene from ethanol by initiating the process.
KEYWORDS: Lebedev, Ipatyev, divinyl, ethanol, catalyst, synthetic rubber, initiator, hydrogen peroxide.
METHODOLOGY AND METHODS OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
HISTORICAL FLASHBACK OF DIDACTIC SYSTEMS (P. 16-25)
Grokholsky Olga G., Prof., Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, member-correspondent of Russian Academy of education, Vice-rector on scientific work University of the Russian Academy of Education (58, Bol. Polyanka ul., Moscow, Russian Federation).
The main types of training and the focus on the development of didactic systems built by teachers-researchers from foreign countries: didactic system of Pythagoras, Socrates didactic system, philosophical and didactic model of Aristotle, didactics Comenius, didactic system D. Locke, didactic system J.-J. Rousseau. Article begins a series of articles in which readers the opportunity to become familiar with the history of the teaching of foreign and domestic systems, as well as with the modern theory and practice of learning, from the standpoint of prioritizing the development of educational space today.
KEYWORDS: education system, social system, needs of society, educational system, history of pedagogy and education, student, teacher development, upbringing, morality, education, activities, educational content, learning objectives, learning, teaching methods.
APPLICATION RATING SYSTEM AT THE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY WHILE STUDYING THE COURSE «CHEMISTRY» (P. 26-28)
Borisova Yu.G., Graduate Student. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (1, Cosmonauts ul., Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, 450062, Russian Federation)
The article examines the score-rating system of education and performance rating of students in studies of Chemistry at the Technical University. All knowledge, skills and attainments, acquired by students in the learning discipline process, are estimated in the course of a discipline study by rating scores.
KEYWORDS: score-rating system, educational and extracurricular work, education program, training module, rating-plan.
MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES STUDENTS OF MEDICAL COLLEGES (P. 29-33)
Vorobyov S.V., Postgraduate student of the Department of pedagogy and psychology. University of the Russian Academy of Education (58, Bol. Polyanka ul., Moscow, Russian Federation).
Currently, there are very few professions that do not require to model the processes: or to predict results, or with the aim of finding effective solutions to problems, or to assess the importance of consideration of certain factors in the process of professional activity. The requirements for medical staff middle level students need for it personnel knowledge and skills to model professional processes. It is in the study of nature on the basis of physical laws and formed skills such modeling.
KEYWORDS: intellectual processes, training, health worker, modeling, situational training, professional activities, virtual training, information technology.
FEATURES EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES AMONG SMOKERS POPULATION (P. 34-37)
The main educational activities against smoking. Crucial strategic sectors of the struggle against tobacco use is to educate the younger generation in the spirit of rejection of physical and spiritual poisoning of the body and psyche. It is shown that only a comprehensive and systematic application of appropriate measures, including educational, medical, economic, legal and administrative resources will give a significant effect on reducing smoking prevalence among the population. This is evidenced, for example, the experience of developed Western countries, where, thanks to the large-scale, methodical attack on smoking prevalence, achieved significant results. In Russia, in recent decades the network of health centers and schools for different population groups, health saving technologies developed for different population groups.
KEYWORDS: smoking, educational activities, health center.
THE MAIN CONCEPTUAL PROVISIONS OF HUMANITARIAN TRAINING OF STUDENTS THE FUTURE SPECIALISTS OF PRODUCTION IN THE EXTREME CONDITIONS OF THE NORTH (P. 38-42)
The article describes the foundation of the concept of humanitarian-oriented training of specialists for enterprises operating in the conditions of the North. Set the trends of socio-economic and socio-cultural development, influencing the content of humanitarian-oriented training. Disclosed defined trends hand humanization of training expressed by the formation of ideas about life in the North, ready to act in a cultural environment, to come into contacts, etс.
KEYWORDS: Northern territory, production, future professionals, training, humanitarian orientation, accounting, socio-cultural and socio-economic conditions, development trends, psychological readiness of the future specialist, ecology and aesthetics of the environment.
ETHNOPEDAGOGICS. POLY- AND MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
BILINGUALISM AND BICULTURAL: PAST AND PRESENT (ON THE BASIS OF LANGUAGES KARACHAY-CHERKESS REPUBLIC) (P. 43-48)
Anzorova S.P., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences
The article investigates the major historical and contemporary aspects of the bilingualism for example languages Kabardino-Cherkessia. Based on a comprehensive review of bilingual positions and with different methods of social sciences (history, philosophy, ethno, linguistics, law, etc.) To analyze the process of formation and development of bilingualism and bikultury the IV century to the present day and offered his periodization, identified the main trends. Analyzed the application of scientific and other terms of legal and constitutional norms, concrete proposals aimed at improving and developing bilingualism, including on the legal status and the study of Russian culture, the state language of the Russian Federation.
KEYWORDS: bilingualism, bilingual, bicultural, competence, nation, ethnicity, national language, literature, linguistics, the people of Russia, language family.
PRESCHOOL EDUCATION FOR NOMADIC CHILDREN (ILLUSTRATED YAMAL-NENETS AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT) (P. 49-52)
The essay focuses on the problems of the pre-school education for the children from nomadic families on the example of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District. New types of the early childhood education institutions such as nomadic schools and kindergartens had been opened over last 20 years in different regions of Syberia. The author analyzes the importance of organizing the nomadic pre-school education in tundra regions.
KEYWORDS: pre-school education, mobile schools, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, nomads.
LIST OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN 2014 (P. 52)