CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 2·2020 (Russia)

MODERN PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION

УДК 62:378(045)
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-5-10
INTEGRATIVE COMPETENCIES AS PART OF THE COMPETITIVE ENGINEER TRAINING REQUIREMENTS (P. 5-10)
Movsumzade E.M.1,2, Pushina L.A.3, Pushin K.E.3
1Ufa State Petroleum Technical University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art) 117997, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3Udmurt State University, 426034, Izhevsk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7270-4195, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7414-5905, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article relates to the current conditions of sociotechnosphere to engineering staff and their alignment with the competence model of graduate, determined by the Federal state educational standards (3++) in areas of training within the expanded group "Engineering, technology and technical sciences" (07.00.00-29.00.00). The integrative nature of general professional competencies and their orientation to the humanitarian values of modern society is studied. The article analyzes the degree of inclusion in the defense industry of the ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, computer science, ecology, industry history, and the ability to self-education in the main professional activity. It is revealed that technical and technological competencies are usually supplemented with information, physical and mathematical, environmental knowledge and related skills; knowledge of the history of the professional sphere and the ability to self-education occupy an insignificant place in the defense industry system.
KEYWORDS: Training of engineering personnel, integrative humanitarization, competitiveness, training requirements, general professional competence.
For citation: Movsumzade E.M., Pushina L.A., Pushin K.E. INTEGRATIVE COMPETENCIES AS PART OF THE COMPETITIVE ENGINEER TRAINING REQUIREMENTS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 5–10.
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR ac- cording to the research project No 19-29-07471 mk.

УДК 378.016 378.096
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-11-13
POSSIBILITIES OF THE MUSICAL AND INSTRUMENTAL PREPARATION IN THE ASPECT OF PROFESSIONAL ESTABLISHMENT OF A MUSIC TEACHER AT A HIGH SCHOOL (P. 11-13)
Aranovskaya I.V., Sibiryakova G.G., Dvoynina G.B.
Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, 400060, Volgograd, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Musical and instrumental preparation is discussed as a factor that provides the most efficient of the problems of professional establishment of a music teacher during the professional education. The role of musical interpretation in the process of forming of the professional musical and pedagogical activity as one of the main basements of the professional education of a music teacher at a high school is proved. The link between musical interpretative and basic pedagogical sides of a musical pedagogical activity, that provides the readiness for the pedagogical practice as a result of professional establishment of a music teacher at a high school, is specified.
KEYWORDS: musical instrumental preparation of a music teacher, professional establishment of a music teacher, competences of a music teacher, interpretative activity of a music teacher, professional reflection of a music teacher.
For citation: Aranovskaya I.V., Sibiryakova G.G., Dvoynina G.B. POSSIBILITIES OF THE MUSICAL AND INSTRUMENTAL PREPARATION IN THE ASPECT OF PROFESSIONAL ESTABLISHMENT OF A MUSIC TEACHER AT A HIGH SCHOOL. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 11–13.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

УДК 665.652.4
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-14-19
FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN FEATURES OF REACTOR DEVICES OF GROZNY SULFURIC ACID ALKYLATION PLANTS (P. 14-19)
Magomadova M.KH., Akhmadova KH.KH.
Grozny State Oil Technical University, 364051, Grozny, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1504-7704, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7361-4949, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article provides a brief overview of the reactor designs of the Grozny sulfuric acid alkylation plants. It is shown that their design was determined by the applied methods of heat removal: open, due to the evaporation of components in the reaction space and closed through the heat exchange surface. SKA reactor designs developed by Grozny, tested in operation at Grozny alkylating plants and implemented at alkylating plants of domestic refineries are presented. These are reactors with an open and closed cooling system, vertical reactors with top cooling (SWR), horizontal reactors with a closed heat removal system (CSR), direct-flow (through-flow) reactors. The results of the operation of these reaction devices, developed according to the research data of the Grozny Research Institute, are presented.
KEYWORDS: sulfuric acid alkylation, reactor, structures, installation, isobutane, olefins, alkylbenzene, catalyst.
For citation: Magomadova M.KH., Akhmadova KH.KH. FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN FEATURES OF REACTOR DEVICES OF GROZNY SULFURIC ACID ALKYLATION PLANTS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 14–19.

УДК 622.337.2:54
DOI:10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-20-28
ICHTHYOL: A GREAT PAST OR A BEAUTIFUL FUTURE? (P. 20-28)
Malinovskaya J.A.1, Ivanilova M.S.2, Kuryatnikov V.N.1, Klimochkina A.YU.3
1Samara State Technical University, 443100, Samara, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4880-7041, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4801-4415, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2LLC PRANAFARM, 443068, Samara, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8241-6728, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3MIREA - Russian Technological University, 119571, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4801-4415, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article discusses the history of the emergence and use in medical practice of Ichthyol, a product of the distillation of oil shale. The authors showed that the Ichthyol used for more than a century has not only not lost its relevance, but can also compete with synthetic products due to its natural origin, high efficiency and relatively low cost. This drug provides effective treatment for very common dermatological diseases: psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, eczema and ulcers of various origins, seborrheic dermatitis, boils and purulent wounds, etc. in various groups of patients - adults and children and has virtually no contraindications. The initiation of work on the manufacture of a wider assortment and new convenient-to-use dosage forms based on Ichthyol will significantly expand the practice of its use in Russia, and therefore increase the number of successful medical records of many patients.
KEYWORDS: ichthyol, ichthammol, eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, oil shale, shale oil, the Kashpir deposit.
For citation: Malinovskaya J.A., Ivanilova M.S., Kuryatnikov V.N., Klimochkina A.YU. ICHTHYOL: A GREAT PAST OR A BEAUTIFUL FUTURE? History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 20–28.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-3-4-00-00
Acknowledgments: This work is funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Project 18-411-630010).

УДК 004.9
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-29-32
HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN ANALOG ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS FOR AUTOMATED MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS (P. 29-32)
Starodubtseva L.V.1, Korenevskaya E.N.2
1South-Western state University, 305040, Kursk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6803-298X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Donetsk national technical University, 83001, Donetsk, Donetsk People’s Republic
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0361-2224, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article contains historical aspects of the development of analog artificial neural networks for medical diagnostics. Their structure and disadvantages preventing their launch into mass production are revealed. It is shown that the analysis of this type of neural networks gave an impetus to the development of domestic dialog recognition systems and hybrid decision support systems.
KEYWORDS: history of development of domestic artificial neural networks, training, pattern recognition, structure, dialog systems.
For citation: Starodubtseva L.V., Korenevskaya E.N. HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN ANALOG ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS FOR AUTOMATED MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 29–32.
 
УДК 622.691.24
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-33-37
CURRENT STATUS OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE FACILITIES IN RUSSIA AND THE WORLD (P. 33-37)
Khasanov I.I., Gilmutdinov T.D.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The study focuses on the current status of underground gas storage facilities (UGS) in Russia and the world. An analysis of the structural distribution of UGS by type has been made and a comparative description of the current state of the industry in Europe and the USA has been given. Conclusions on the peculiarities characterizing underground gas storage in Russia have been obtained.
KEYWORDS: underground gas storage facilities, gasgolders, aquifers, depleted gas condensate fields.
For citation: Khasanov I.I., Gilmutdinov T.D. CURRENT STATUS OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE FACILITIES IN RUSSIA AND THE WORLD. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 33–37.

УДК 531 (091)
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-38-42
HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF HIGHER TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN EUROPE AND THE PROSPECTS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT IN THE 19TH CENTURY RUSSIA: BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF A.S. YERSHOV'S NOTES (P. 38-42)
Mkrtychyan D.A.
Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 105005, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4106-8266, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article discusses the contribution of Yershov E.A., one of the most significant figures in Russian technical education. As an active proponent of developing technical education in Russia, Yershov proposes to turn to the experience of other countries in developing domestic technical education. The paper presents his principal ideas deriving from the systematization and synthesis of foreign technical school experiences. Further, this work contains the outcomes of his comparative analysis of the methods and methodological approaches to high technical education in different educational institutions in Western Europe (England, Germany, France). Moreover, the article elaborates upon the results of technical and pedagogical research notes accumulated by Yershov during his working trips abroad as well as throughout Russia. According to the main point developed by the thinker, it is necessary to establish and develop the system of high technical education in the country by taking into consideration the peculiarities of technical, pedagogical, political and economic conditions in Russia. This work is based upon the notes done by Yershov.
KEYWORDS: higher technical education, practical mechanics, theory of machines and mechanisms, Yershov, Polytechnic School, Central school, equipment, manufacture, practice, Imperial Moscow University, Moscow Educational Industrial School, German Higher Technical School, experience.
For citation: Mkrtychyan D.A. HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF HIGHER TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN EUROPE AND THE PROSPECTS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT IN THE 19TH CENTURY RUSSIA: BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF A.S. YERSHOV'S NOTES. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 38-42.

УДК 94(470.342)
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-43-48
PARISH GUARDIANSHIPS IN THE URALS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19th - BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY: LOCAL FEATURES (P. 43-48)
Kazakova-Apkarimova E.YU.
Institute of History and Archeology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620990, Yekaterinburg, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7852-3539, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The historical experience of the activities of parish guardianships in the Urals in the second half of the 19th - early 20th centuries is regarded in the article, the local features of their work, conditioned by the policy of the state and local reasons for their opening are identified. Parish guardianships were multifunctional in nature as a response to the spiritual-mental, socio-cultural and economic challenges of historical time. An institutional approach to comprehend this historical phenomenon is used in the proposed study. Public initiatives of the clergy and parishioners are analyzed in the context of the social policy of the state and the Russian Orthodox Church.
KEYWORDS: parish guardianship, the Urals, temple, charity, hunger, school, local features.
For citation: Kazakova-Apkarimova E.YU. PARISH GUARDIANSHIPS IN THE URALS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19th - BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY: LOCAL FEATURES. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 43–48.

УДК 678.011
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-49-54
POLYSTYRENE MEMBRANES: FROM THE STAGES OF FORMATION OF POLYSTYRENE CHEMISTRY TO COPOLYMERS WITH VEGETABLE CARBOHYDRATES (P. 49-54)
Mastobaev B.N.1, Novák Luboš2, Karimov O.KH.3, Teptereva G.А.1,  Lokshina E.A.1, Kolchin A.V.1,  Chetvertneva I.A.4, Karimov E.KH.5, Movsumzade E.M.1,6
1Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5379-9520, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2328-6761, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5444-5812, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6581-0045, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2MEGA, 190 00, Czech Republic
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3MIREA – Russian Technological University, 119454, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0383-4268, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
4LLC SBM Service Center, 119330, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6798-0205, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
5Sterlitamak branch of Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 453118, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-4586, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
6Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art) 117997, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article discusses the stages of formation and development of technologies for the production and use of polystyrene membranes. In the context of the development of scientific ideas about polymers and membrane technologies, methods of using polystyrene are shown. Examples of promising technologies for producing polystyrene membranes using vegetable carbohydrates - cellulose and lignin and their derivatives are given.
KEYWORDS: polystyrene, membranes, cellulose, lignin, lignosulfonates.
For citation: Mastobaev B.N., Novák Luboš, Karimov O.KH., Teptereva G.А., Lokshina E.A., Kolchin A.V., Chetvertneva I.A., Karimov E.KH., Movsumzade E.M. POLYSTYRENE MEMBRANES: FROM THE STAGES OF FORMATION OF POLYSTYRENE CHEMISTRY TO COPOLYMERS WITH VEGETABLE CARBOHYDRATES. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 49–54.

УДК 665.652.4
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-55-60
GROZNY RESIDENTS' CONTRIBUTION TO THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE DOMESTIC ALKYLATION PROCESS (P. 55-60)
Magomadova M.KH., Akhmadova KH.KH.
Grozny State Oil Technical University, 364051, Grozny, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1504-7704, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7361-4949, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article presents the stages of formation and development of the alkylation process at the Grozny oil refineries in the 1940s-1990s and information about the developments of Grozny in the field of alkylation in the period of the 1990s to the present. It is shown that the priority in the development of the domestic alkylation process belongs to Grozny. At the initial stage, the process of sulfuric acid alkylation was industrially mastered at plants No. 25 (1940s), No. 25-1 and No. 25-2 (1953–1954), the main purpose of which was to produce alkylbenzene, and the process of alkylation on aluminum chloride at HCZ in the production of phenol and acetone (1954). During the 1960s and 1970s, the Grozny alkylation plants underwent numerous reconstructions and upgrades. During the 1980s and 2000s, the creation and development of a heterogeneous alkylation process with zeolite-containing catalysts was necessary.
KEYWORDS: stages, alkylation process, isobutane, olefins, aromatic hydrocarbons, alkylation unit, research, reconstruction, alkylbenzene, sulfuric acid, zeolites.
For citation: Magomadova M.KH., Akhmadova KH.KH. GROZNY RESIDENTS' CONTRIBUTION TO THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE DOMESTIC ALKYLATION PROCESS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 55–60.

УДК 004.9
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-61-65
CONTRIBUTION OF KURSK RESEARCHERS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH (P. 61-65)
Starodubtseva L.V., Rodionova S.N.
South-Western state University, 305040, Kursk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6803-298X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4477-3975, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this work is to study the historical role of Kursk specialists and scientists in the development of methods and technical means for the quantitative assessment of mental functions and their properties for various practical applications. As a result of the research, the historical sequence of Kuryan's work in improving methods and means of psychological research was revealed, from specialized devices for automatic presentation of test information and assessment of relevant mental functions to the development of intelligent devices for quantitative assessment of the main properties of various mental functions with an assessment of the functional state and functional reserve of the human body. Thus, the work of Kursk researchers has made a significant contribution to the development of instrumentation for psychological research, as well as to the development of psychological science.
KEYWORDS: history, mental functions and their properties, specialized devices, quantitative assessment, cognitive disorders.
For citation: Starodubtseva L.V., Rodionova S.N. CONTRIBUTION OF KURSK RESEARCHERS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 61–65.

УДК 622.692.6
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-66-71
TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS RAILWAY TRANSPORT IN RUSSIA (P. 66-71)
Khasanov I.I., Dmitriyeva T.V.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3335-5871, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The object of the research is the production of tank cars used in the railway transport of oil and oil products in Russia since the second half of the 19th century. In the article, in chronological order, the main events characterizing the development of technologies for the production of tank cars, in particular, the improvement of designs, are given. The main types of tank cars used at present are reflected, a conclusion is made about the main characteristics of the production development process.
KEYWORDS: oil, oil products, railway transport, history of development, stages of formation.
For citation: Khasanov I.I., Dmitriyeva T.V. TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS RAILWAY TRANSPORT IN RUSSIA. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 66–71.

УДК 297
DOI:10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-72-74
BATUMI IN THE HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE) ROUTE OF RUSSIAN MUSLIMS (P. 72-74)
Khabibullina Z.R.
R.G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Studies Ufa Scientific Center RAS, 450077, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-0529, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
In the pilgrimage (Hajj) of Russian Muslims is marked byits routes. The holy places are quite distant from the borders of the country. Overcoming the path by believers to Mecca, workings of the pilgrimage organization are great scientific interest for historians. The subject of the study is the routes of the Hajj of Russian Muslims, the object of the study is the path through the city of Batumi (Georgia), which developed in the Russian Empire and was renewed in modern times on the initiative of the Muslims of the North Caucasus. The novelty of the research lies in the formulation of the problem of the routes of movement of believers through the Transcaucasia, socio-cultural interactions in the process of overcoming the distance by Muslims to Mecca. One important lesson to be learned is that Russian Muslims stand out a special place in the centuries-old ties between Russia and Georgia. Gone off to the Hajj through the Batumi port, Muslims contributed to the maintenance of relations between the peoples of the two states, got acquainted with the culture of Georgia and broadcast their identity.
KEYWORDS: Islam, Hajj, pilgrimage, Mecca, North Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Muslim, Russia, Georgia.
For citation: Khabibullina Z.R. BATUMI IN THE HAJJ (PILGRIMAGE) ROUTE OF RUSSIAN MUSLIMS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 72–74.
Acknowledgments: The article was published with the scientific research work of R.G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Studies Ufa Scientific Center RAS No. АААА-А18-118042390021-3 “Religion and Spiritual Life in the Poly-confessional Space of the Southern Urals.”

УДК 902.01
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-75-82
CERAMICS OF THE KANSIYAROVO HILLFORT (BASED ON MATERIALS FROM THE INSTITUTE OF ETHNOLOGICAL STUDIES ARCHAEOLOGICAL FUNDS COLLECTIONS) (P. 75-82)
Kolonskikh A.G.
R.G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Studies Ufa Scientific Center RAS, 450077, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5318-3926, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of the study of Kansiyarovo hillfort ceramics, which are the materials of research by archaeologists of different years. Ceramics is the most widespread material in the study of archaeological sites. In the region of the Ufa-Belaya interfluve there is an imbalance regarding the degree of study of ancient settlements and the publication of the results of their excavations. In this publication, the characteristics of the ceramic series are given the typology of the ceramic material is developed, as well as its cultural attribution. The processed archaeological collections of the settlement make it possible to reveal the ceramic traditions of the Bakhmutino, Ananyino and Pianobor archaeological cultures. Single finds mark the presence of Mazuno and Kara-Yakupovo ceramics. It is obvious that the site of the Kansiyarovohillfort was used in the early Iron Age and early Middle Ages.
KEYWORDS: Kansiyarovohillfort, Ufa-Belaya interfluve, settlement, ceramics, Bakhmutino culture, Anan'ino culture, Pianobor culture.
For citation: Kolonskikh A.G. CERAMICS OF THE KANSIYAROVO HILLFORT (BASED ON MATERIALS FROM THE INSTITUTE OF ETHNOLOGICAL STUDIES ARCHAEOLOGICAL FUNDS COLLECTIONS). History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 75–82.
Acknowledgments: This work was carried out within the framework of the state assignment implementation AAAA-A19-119042490023-5 in the field of scientific research.

УДК 902.21
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-83-87
ILDIANSKY IRONWORKS (XVIII-XIX): FINDINGS OF THE HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH (P. 83-87)
Tuzbekov A.I., Kamaleev E.V.
R.G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Studies Ufa Scientific Center RAS, 450077, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5895-9826, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3143-5037, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Resume: in recent years archaeological research of monuments of Modern Time has been getting more and more topical. One of the prospective directions to study this period is the research of industrial objects. Despite a great number of archival documents of XVIII-XIX, the location of most monuments remains unknown. Hence, many of these objects are not provided with protection by the government which results in “black diggers” actively taking advantage of this situation. One of such “abandoned” facilities is the Ildiansky ironworks, located in the city of Neftekamsk in the Bashkortostan Republic. In 2020 the workers of the Institute of Ethnological Research of the Ufa Federal Research Centre, Russian Academy of Science (IER UFRC RAS) carried out an archaeological expedition at the place of the monument. As a result of the research, the location of the ironworks, as well as layout and infrastructure, were determined more precisely. The collected archaeological material represented with pieces of crockery ceramics, product samples and residue makes it possible to study the life activities of the plant workers and metal production features.
KEYWORDS: industrial archeology, modern history, Ildiansky ironworks, slag, pottery.
For citation: Tuzbekov A.I., Kamaleev E.V. ILDIANSKY IRONWORKS (XVIII-XIX): FINDINGS OF THE HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 83–87.
Acknowledgments: The article was prepared as part of the State task of the topic " Internal and external factors of cultural Genesis of the population of the Southern Urals (from the paleometallic to the Late Modern periods)", №AAAA18-118041290046-0.

УДК 61 (091)
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-88-91
DEVELOPMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY AT THE IMPERIAL KAZAN UNIVERSITY IN THE XIX-EARLY XX CENTURIES (P. 88-91)
Trushin M.V.
Kazan Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7467-011X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article considers the history of the development of the microbiological discipline at the Imperial Kazan University during the XIX-early XX centuries. It is shown that this discipline developed in parallel at the Natural Science Department of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics and the Faculty of Medicine. It is shown that medical microbiology has achieved the greatest development. The article deals with the main stages of its formation.
KEYWORDS: Imperial Kazan University, microbiology, bacteriology, medicine, scientific schools, history.
For citation: Trushin M.V. DEVELOPMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY AT THE IMPERIAL KAZAN UNIVERSITY IN THE XIX-EARLY XX CENTURIES. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp.88–91.

УДК 616.314
https://doi.org/10.24411/2226-2296-2020-3-4-92-98
ACONCISEHISTORY OF DENTAL IMPLANTOLOGY
Tarasenko S.V., Leonov D.S., Ivanova N.D., Sydiev S.A., Diachkova E.YU.
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8595-8864, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0077-2399, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2930-6834, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3509-5196, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4388-8911, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The present article summarizes essential stages of dental implantology formation and development as one of the sections of surgical dentistry from ancient times to the day. The authors of the article refer to renowned scientists, who have contributed to the development of dental implantology, describe historically important discoveries within the fields of human physiology, materials and engineering advancement and surgical intervention methods. It gives a general overview of the modern progressive medical tendencies. The latest surgical treatment techniques used in dental implantology, for alveolarridge augmentation in particular is represented.
Possible challenges of furthers research in the corresponding medical field are also introduced in the text below.
KEYWORDS: dental implant, adentia, alveolar bone, surgery, osseointegration, graft.
For citation: Tarasenko S.V., Leonov D.S., Ivanova N.D., Sydiev S.A., Diachkova E.YU. ACONCISEHISTORY OF DENTAL IMPLANTOLOGY. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 92–98.

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

УДК 130.2:62
DOI: 10.24412/2226-2296-2020-3-4-99-109
MODERN PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOLOGY: SUBJECT, PROBLEMS, HUMANISTIC MEANING AND PURPOSE (P. 99-109)
Oreshnikov I.M.1, Shkerina T.I.1, Movsumzade E.M.2,3
1Publishing House Ltd OBRAKADEMNAUKA, 119313, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technical University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art) 117997, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article describes the modern philosophy of technology, its subject, the most important problems, the humanistic meaning and purpose. The humanitarian culture of scientific and technical specialists, engineering and technical workers is evaluated as the most important criterion of their intelligence, professionalism and competence. Moreover, the article substantiates the need for a cultural and humanistic paradigm of social development to overcome the humanitarian crisis of man-made civilization, the world community and the human race, and to prevent an anthropological catastrophe.
KEYWORDS: philosophy, philosophy of technology, engineering, technology, technical sciences, engineering activity, scientific and technical specialists, engineering and technical workers, engineering and technical education, technocratic thinking, manmade civilization, technical and technological alienation, humanitarian crisis, humanism, cultural and humanistic paradigm.
For citation: Oreshnikov I.M., Shkerina T.I., Movsumzade E.M. MODERN PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOLOGY: SUBJECT, PROBLEMS, HUMANISTIC MEANING AND PURPOSE. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 3-4, pp. 99–109.
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR ac- cording to the research project No 19-29-07471 mk.


THE LIST OF ARICLES PUBLISHED IN THE JOURNAL «HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE» IN 2020 (P. 110-111)

 

 

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