CONTENTS of journal "HISTORY AND PEDAGOGY OF NATURAL SCIENCE" 1·2020 (Russia)

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

MODERN RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INTELLIGENTSIA: IS IT FICTION, DESIRED IMAGE OR REALITY? (P. 5-16)
Oreshnikov Igor M., Shkerina Tatiana I.
Publishing House Ltd OBRAKADEMNAUKA, 119313, Moscow, Russia
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ABSTRACT
The article provides a philosophical and axiological analysis of the phenomenon of modern Russian scientific and technical intelligentsia,
reveals its essence, structure, social functions, place and role in scientific and technological progress and socio-cultural life of the country. In addition, it substantiates the concept that the humanization of modern science, technology, scientific, engineering and pedagogical activities, and the life of the human race is a fateful, adequate response to the challenge of the XXI century.
KEYWORDS: philosophy, axiology, science, technology, scientific and technical intelligentsia, scientific, engineering and technical activities, global crisis, cultural and humanistic paradigm, values, humanitarian culture, professional ethics, humanity.
For citation: Oreshnikov I.M., Shkerina T.I. MODERN RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INTELLIGENTSIA: IS IT FICTION, DESIRED IMAGE
OR REALITY? History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 5–16.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10101

MODERN PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION

HUMANITARIAN AND MATHEMATICAL RESEARCH AREAS IN THE MASTER'S EDUCATIONAL PROCESS (P. 17-20)
Kolchina1 Galina YU., Poletaeva2 Olga YU., Movsum-zade3 Nazrin CH.,
Pushina4 Lyubov A., Bakhtina2 Anastasya YU., Movsumzade2,5 Eldar M.
1Sterlitamak branch of the Bashkir State University,
453103, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2808-4827, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9602-0051, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
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ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
3Institute of information technology of NAS of Azerbaijan, AZ1141, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic
4Udmurt State University, 426034, Izhevsk, Russia
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5Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art) 117997, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
This article analyzes the features of the organization of a magistracy at a university. It is noted that during the implementation of the master's program it is necessary to combine humanitarian and non-humanitarian knowledge in the content of engineering education throughout the training of specialists, which will increase the level of quality training of qualified specialists based on system knowledge of a subject nature and a combination of advanced innovative technologies and scientific and practical activities.
KEYWORDS: direction of training, magistracy, higher education, mathematization, humanization.
For citation: Kolchina G.YU., Poletaeva O.YU., Movsum-zade N.CH., Pushina L.A., Bakhtina A.YU., Movsumzade E.M. HUMANITARIAN AND
MATHEMATICAL RESEARCH AREAS IN THE MASTER'S EDUCATIONAL PROCESS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 17–20.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10102
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR ac- cording to the research project No 19-29-074071 mk.
 
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF DESIGN AS A PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM (P. 21-23)
Spektor1 Galina Z., Gospodareva2 Vera K.
1Moscow State Stroganov Academy of Design and Applied Arts, 125080, Moscow, Russia
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2Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art) 117997, Moscow, Russia
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ABSTRACT
The article discusses the features of the formation of social responsibility of design students as a significant professional quality of personality.
KEYWORDS: social responsibility, design, professional training, development of students ' personality.
For citation: Spektor G.Z., Gospodareva V.K. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF DESIGN AS A PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 21–23.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10103

STRATEGIES AND TACTICS OF DIALOGUE AND NEGOTIATIONS (P. 24-28)
Amer Yara
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Russia
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ABSTRACT
The science of dialogue, as well as social and political negotiations, has now become one of the most important Sciences that specialists in such fields as sociology, linguistics, psychology, political science and international relations are interested in. The purpose of this study is to present how to organize and conduct a dialogue properly, show and explain the methods and strategies used, since this science has become one of the most important Sciences in our time, since it exists so that we can learn to communicate, understand each other and behave correctly with each other. Ignorance of these methods creates problems even in communication at the country level, and these methods should not be limited to use only in the social Sciences, since we need them in our daily life. The nature of this research forces us to approach to explanatory, descriptive, and analytical methods. We begin by presenting the importance of the science of dialogue, explaining its basic direction, in accordance with the theory of participation, we will consistently review the construction of the theory of dialogue and its various strategies used and in the second Chapter we will consider the basic methods of dialogue, showing his purpose and presenting various types of questions used, the role of silence and the importance of correct usage of titles in the negotiations.
KEYWORDS: science of dialogue, science of negotiations, strategies and tactics of negotiations.
For citation: Amer YA. STRATEGIES AND TACTICS OF DIALOGUE AND NEGOTIATIONS. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 24–28.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10104
 
METHODS OF CONDUCTING AND PREPARING FOR PARTICIPATION IN DISTANCE OLYMPIADS (P. 29-32)
Alekseevnina Al'bina K., Buslova Nadezhda S.
University of Tyumen, 626150, Tobolsk, Russia
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ABSTRACT
The Olympiad movement in modern education takes certain positions, being a recognized form of quality control of education. An important condition for organizing such events is the interest of the participants and the achievability of the tasks set for them. The article describes the state and prospects of school astronomical education according to the standards of the second generation. The formation of cognitive interest in the field of astronomy and space technologies is inextricably linked with the formation of a natural science picture of the world and Polytechnic education. Astronomy expands and deepens physical knowledge, demonstrating its universality and versality, it is able to demonstrate how far our knowledge is spread on the space-time scale. One of the ways to increase interest in astronomy is to organize and hold a regional distance astronomy Olympiad. The features of conducting and preparing for participation in remote competitions in astronomy are considered. Examples of Olympiad tasks and criteria for their evaluation are given. The article describes the experience of organizing a remote regional astronomy Olympiad "ZODIAC" for schoolchildren and students.
KEYWORDS: Olympiad, cognitive interest, distance olympiad, olympiad tasks in astronomy, methods of preparation for participation in astronomy olympiads.
For citation: Alekseevnina A.K., Buslova N.S. METHODS OF CONDUCTING AND PREPARING FOR PARTICIPATION IN DISTANCE OLYMPIADS.
History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 29–32.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10105

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

THE ATTITUDE OF RUSSIANS TO PROGRESS AT THE TURN OF THE XIX–XX CENTURIES: FAITH VS SKEPTICISM (P. 33-37)
Kazakova-Apkarimova Elena YU.
Institute of History and Archeology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620990, Yekaterinburg, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7852-3539, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The topic of progress is one of the key in both natural sciences and the humanities. The attitude towards the category of progress throughout history has evolved markedly towards increased criticism and skepticism. The article is devoted to the perception of the idea of progress by the Russian public at the turn of the 19th–20th centuries. The author draws in detail to understanding the topic of progress by the famous scientist D.I. Mendeleev and other contemporaries, drawing parallels between the natural sciences and the humanitarian worldview of contemporaries. The researcher concludes that the progress, largely associated with Westernization, has become a powerful cultural and worldview challenge for Russians at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The progressive public realized that the optimal response of Russia to this challenge of our time was to preserve the cultural and civilizational foundations in the process of mastering innovations and familiarizing ourselves with the achievements of technological progress, that must be taken into account in modern conditions. The controversial and ambivalent attitude of contemporaries towards this process led to an increase in the sociocultural split of society.
KEYWORDS: progress, culture, innovations, urbanism, faith, criticism, public, D.I. Mendeleev, morality, challenge and answer.
For citation: Kazakova-Apkarimova E.YU. THE ATTITUDE OF RUSSIANS TO PROGRESS AT THE TURN OF THE XIX–XX CENTURIES: FAITH VS SKEPTICISM. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 33–37.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10106

CHOLERA CONTROL IN KAZAN PROVINCE (THE FIRST HALF – THE MIDDLE OF XIX CENTURY) (P. 38-44)
Trushin Maхim V.
Kazan Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7467-011X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
During the XIX century cholera was a terrible disease in many Russian provinces, including Kazan. Since 1830, significant measures have been taken to prevent the spread of cholera. The article deals with the methods of special sanitary treatment of premises, things, as well as people and animals died of cholera. The medications used for the treatment of patients are considered in detail. Special attention is paid to the contribution of professors of the Medical faculty of the Imperial Kazan University in the treatment of the disease and in the study of the causes of cholera. Conclusions about the importance of the undertaken anti-cholera measures are made.
KEYWORDS: cholera, Kazan province, Imperial Kazan University, treatment, prevention.
For citation: Trushin M.V. CHOLERA CONTROL IN KAZAN PROVINCE (THE FIRST HALF – THE MIDDLE OF XIX CENTURY). History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 38–44.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10107

ADDRESSING TO THE PROBLEM OF STUDYING THE HISTORICAL HERITAGE OF PROFESSIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOCIETIES IN RUSSIA. On the example of the Society of Ural Mining Technicians (P. 45-49)
Efremova Ulyana P., Dudina Marina M.
Ekaterinburg Academy of Contemporary Art, 620012, Ekaterinburg, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2932-4012, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8284-018X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The problem of studying the emergence and functioning of professional and scientific and technical societies in Russia and the Urals region is posed in the article. The importance of studying this problem for increasing the efficiency of the economy and reviving industry in the country is substantiated. The historical analysis of the emergence of professional and scientific and technical societies in the country and the Urals in the late XIX – early XX centuries is given. The historical fact of occurrence in Yekaterinburg of a society of the Ural mountain technicians on the basis of mountain school is described. The main activities of this society are revealed in the pre-revolutionary period. The period of activity of the company is briefly considered until its closure. An analysis is provided on historical studies aimed at studying the society of the Ural mountain technicians and problems associated with studying the experience and features of its functioning.
KEYWORDS: trade unions, scientific and technical societies, society of the Ural mining technicians, development of industry, the Ural region, journal Ural technician, science and technology of the Urals.
For citation: Efremova U.P., Dudina M.M. ADDRESSING TO THE PROBLEM OF STUDYING THE HISTORICAL HERITAGE OF PROFESSIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOCIETIES IN RUSSIA. On the example of the Society of Ural Mining Technicians. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 45–48.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10108

CONCEPTION METHODS OF TEACHING CHEMISTRY: APPEAL TO SOURCES (P. 50-56)
Teleshov1 Sergey V., Arshansky2 Evgeny YA., Miryugina3 Tatyana A.
1State budgetary educational institution of the city of St. Petersburg School No. 189, 191028, St. Petersburg, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5186-7446, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2P.M. Masherov Vitebsk State University, 210038, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8848-4051, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
3University of Tyumen, 626150, Tobolsk, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8430-6802, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Key methods of teaching Chemistry in Russian Empire have been considered. Founders of Russian Chemistry education have been named. Author’s division into periods of teaching Chemistry has been suggested and giver short surrey of some foreign and Russian text-books containing information on chemistry.
KEYWORDS: Founders of Russian Chemistry education, chemistry text-books, periodization of Chemistry education in Russia.
For citation: Teleshov S.V., Arshansky E.YA., Miryugina T.A. CONCEPTION METHODS OF TEACHING CHEMISTRY: APPEAL TO SOURCES. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 50–56.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10109

THE FORMATION OF MUSLIM VIEWS ON EUROPE IN THE MIDDLE AGES (P. 57-65)
Alnaddaf Safwan N.
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1116-2104, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
This article is devoted to studying history of Medieval Europe from the Arab-Muslim point of view, mainly by means of works of
the Arab travelers, historians and geographers and also studying development of this image at different stages by means of group of the interacting factors, collisions and events between two parties which as a result allowed to make an image of other European. The relevance of a research is not limited to studying of history of Europe in representation of Arab-Muslim at a certain stage and does not include a detail, events which we find only in the Arab texts relating to this period, work intends to become a part of the most Arab-Muslim history because in it the cultural component and origin of medieval Arab-Muslim, the mechanism of thinking and reasons and also assessment of history of other people and civilizations, especially Europe is lit. All this increases historical awareness on a psychosocial condition of medieval Arabs. We can summarize a problem the following question: what was an image of the European societies in the Middle Ages through a prism of Muslim Arabs, based on studying of various Arab sources? In what degree do these Arab works reflect a true picture of history of the European societies in the Middle Ages?
KEYWORDS: Image of another, Arab travelers, Islamic Arab perspective, Crusades, European history, Middle Ages.
For citation: Alnaddaf S.N. THE FORMATION OF MUSLIM VIEWS ON EUROPE IN THE MIDDLE AGES. History and Pedagogy of Natural Science. 2020, no. 1, pp. 57–65.
DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10109

I WANT TO SAY...
... ON WHAT NEEDS TO BE CHANGED IN OUR SECONDARY EDUCATION SYSTEM (P. 66)
Mastobaev Alexander YU., 8th Grade Student, Ufa City School No 114
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DOI:10.24411/2226-2296-2020-10111

 

 

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